Contents: Lemon, Lavender, Spruce, Rosemary and Sage Baths 10ml each
1) The first Bath I reach for in the Christmas lead up is Sage Bath. It’s my foot bath fav to soothe and revitalise weary shopping feet.
2) To calm children that are too excited to go to sleep on Christmas Eve I give them a bath with half the contents of Lavender Bath and the other half I pour into a pretty bowl of hot water or on an aroma stone to waft its sense of serenity and calm around the home.
3) On Christmas morning, with such a busy day ahead, I figure I need all the support I can get, so I use half of the Rosemary Bath mixed with our Lemon Lemongrass Body Wash on our Cleansing Sponge for my morning shower. I breathe deeply, inhaling Rosemary’s invigorating and energising aroma and the refreshing and revitalising aroma of Lemon Lemongrass.
4) The other half of Rosemary Bath I put in a bowl of hot water, pop it up on the mantle, and I get on with all the jobs in readiness for Christmas dinner.
4) In the evening, just before guests arrive, I place a pretty bowl of hot water with Spruce Bath anywhere near the Christmas Tree, which has lost much of it’s initial pine fragrance. Voilà we have the aroma of pine through the home once more!
5) I do the same thing with Lemon Bath at the entry. Lemon is cheerful and uplifting, so it’s the perfect entrance aroma for family and friends.
Whether to drive away evil spirits or to enhance and attract, the uses of mascara over its 6,000 year history have been as diverse as its ingredients.
Colours to ward off evil spirits
Egyptian records from around 4,000 BC describe a substance called kohl, which women, children and men used to darken their lashes, eyes and eyebrows to protect them against evil spirits. Back then, the colour was produced by pulverised minerals such as antimony, galena, manganese oxide, black iron oxide and magnetite. Even soot was among the substances that were incorporated into greases to produce the black substance. However, kohl truly did have a protective effect. The evil spirits that it warded off were what we today know as bacteria. The mineral components of kohl had an antibacterial effect and therefore provided protection against bacterial eye diseases, which were extremely common in Egypt due to the hot, dry climate.
As long and dark as possible
While black painted eyes were a part of everyday life in the Near East, in Western culture, any colour on the face was long regarded as heathen and scorned. This situation only changed at the end of the 19th century when the ladies of high society developed a taste for the thickest, longest and darkest eyelashes possible. To achieve this effect they coloured their eyelashes with a mixture made from coal dust and elderberry juice.
Irresistible at rendezvous
A somewhat more elegant version of mascara was developed in the USA in 1913 by the brother of a young girl named Mabel who wanted to look irresistible for a rendezvous with her sweetheart Chet. Her brother, T.L. William was a chemist and created a black substance for his big sister to apply to her eyelashes by mixing together coal dust and vaseline. The plan worked, or at least Chet and Mabel were married a year later. In 1915, T.L. William established the company Mabelline with his product and offered his mascara in tubes. He also sold brushes onto which women wanting to apply the mascara could squeeze out the black substance as though onto a toothbrush. Another of William’s developments was the first compact mascara in block format. As you had to moisten the ink before being able to apply it with a brush, this became known colloquially as spit mascara.
Packaging is key, but not everything
Now all that remained was the step in which mascara took on its current form. This was taken in the mid 1950’s by Helena Rubinstein (1870 – 1965) from Krakow. She had the idea of filling small bottles with a liquefied version of mascara. These bottles were sealed with lids and had an integrated brush. Today, the exterior shape has barely changed, we still buy mascara in bottles with a brush. The differences are found in the the contents, and are well worth a much closer look. The Dr. Hauschka mascara which was launched onto the market in 1999 is free from synthetic chemicals, petro-chemicals, fragrances and preservatives (parabens). Medicinal plant extracts from eyebright, black tea and neem leaves complement the base ingredient of natural wax. The sensitive eye area loves it.
How often should you replace your mascara, natural or otherwise?
Once every 3 months. I give myself a calendar reminder for 3 months from purchase.
Festive occasions are always exciting. They are a moment to make a unique and striking appearance. We want you to shine, by looking elegant and full of self-confidence.
Dr. Hauschka make-up-artist Karim Sattar has developed a festive make-up look for these special occasions. He places a spotlight on the most expressive features, the eyes and the mouth. In addition to a very even complexion, the look is dominated by light ivory on the eyelids and black eyeliner around the eyes, underscored by volumising black mascara on the lashes. For an expressive contrast Karim Sattar uses a warm red on the lips, with lipliner in the same colour providing dynamic accents.
Karim describes each step in achieving the perfect look for festive occasions:
Begin with an even complexion
“We start with Dr.Hauschka Translucent Make-up 00 Porcelain. This colour serves as a foundation to make the face appear lighter and bring out its radiance. We follow this with Translucent Make-up in a different shade to conceal redness and minor imperfections. Select the colour that best matches your natural skin tone. Concealer 01 can be used to cover up any blemishes or dark areas under the eyes – it may be helpful to apply it to the entire nose and mouth area as well. To set the creamy make-up, use the powder puff to pat Translucent Face Powder Compact evenly onto the face. This results in a more even, balanced complexion and gives you a longer-lasting look.”
Alternatively use Illuminating Powder instead of Translucent Face Powder Compact for subtle luminosity, instant uplift and perfect for a festive make-up.
Bronzing Powder creates sun-kissed highlights, and world wide is our largest selling make-up item.
“Dr. Hauschka Bronzing Powderadds charm to your look, as though you have been kissed by the sun. With Bronzing Powder on the Dr. Hauschka Powder Brush,begin in the middle of the forehead and work your way down to the chin using circular motions – first on one side, then the other. Bronzing Powder is also ideal for adding contours to the face, giving it a more harmonious appearance. If your face is round, for example, you can use the Powder Brush to apply it to the lower cheek area. To determine the right placement, use the cheekbone as your guide and apply the powder about one thumb-width below it. Then, working from the edge of the face inwards, spread the powder as far as the side of your nose.”
A dab of warm red for glowing cheeks
“To keep the focus on the eyes and lips, we only apply a touch of rouge. But the cheeks should still have a healthy glow. We achieve this with Rouge Powder 04 Soft Terracotta for warm toned skin. Starting at the temples, blend it down towards the top of the cheekbones. For a festive glow, use Eyeshadow 09 Ivory to apply shimmering highlights to the temples and cheeks.”
Tip: Smile when you apply blusher, to place colour on the ‘apples’ of the cheeks.
You may find Rouge Powder 03 Blushing Rose is more flattering for a cool toned skin, and 04 Soft Terracotta for a warm toned skin. So how do you tell your skin tone? Those who suit gold jewellery best are warm toned and those who suit silver jewellery best are cool toned.
Tip: Apply eye make-up by looking downwards into a magnifying mirror.
“This look showcases the eyes. I have selected a pale shade for the lid and dark tones for the contours. Apply Eyeshadow 09 Ivoryto the entire upper lid, blending it upwards past the lid crease to fade to the brow. Accentuate the crease of the eyelid using 02 Light Brown from the Dr. Hauschka Eyeshadow Palette, applying the colour back and forth in a gentle curve along the crease to create a light shadow.
Complete the look using the darkest shade from the Eyeshadow Palette, 04 Anthracite. Use the Eye Definer Brushto dab this colour along the upper lash line, just the residue on the brush to the lower lash line. Apply using the Eye Definer Brush starting at the middle of the upper lash line, first dabbing towards the inner corner of the eye and then from the middle towards the outside. Once in place, the eyeshadow serves as a helpful guide for applying Eyeliner Liquid Black. This should now be dabbed over the eyeshadow, first working inwards from the middle and then, after turning the brush, outwards from the middle. Finish by using Eyeliner to draw a curve upwards along the outer lash line. Finally, apply Volume Mascara Blackto the lashes. Depending on the desired intensity, brush onto the upper lashes up to three times; the lower lashes should only be brushed once lightly.
The colours 02 Light Brown, 03 Soft Grey and 04 Anthracite from the Eyeshadow StoneColours Palette can also be used to fill in the eyebrows. Select the shade that best matches your hair colour. Brush the eyeshadow gently into the eyebrows to highlight and shape them.
Tip: With an eye brow bush apply a little Eye Contour Day Balm to the brows which will calm any wayward brow hairs, giving a more professional looking brow. Brows frame the face and enhance your eyes.
The finishing touch: warm red on the lips
First, use Lipliner 02 Warm Red to contour the lower lip, then press the lips together firmly. This leaves an impression on the contour of the upper lip that can easily be intensified. Next, fill in the lips completely using Lipliner. This sets the lipstick and lends more depth to its colour. It also keeps the lipstick from running. Now apply Lipstick 04 Warm Redto the entire lower lip, press the lips together, and apply again to completely cover the lips. Repeat these steps. Next, blot using a tissue, leave it on the lips and apply powder to the lips using a powder puff. Remove the tissue and repeat the application using Lip Brush and a fresh amount of Lipstick 04 Warm Red.
You just know I’m going to say this…healthy, radiant skin is the best place to start. So if you’re not already, get on with the 30 Day Dr. Hauschka Skin Care Challenge…using exclusively Dr. Hauschka natural and organic/biodynamic preparations, our unique application methods, our daily rituals, lose the night cream, do things differently over a entire skin cell cycle, 30 days covers it, and you’ll see the improvement in texture, tone and health of your skin! To support a maturing skin – Dr. Hauschka Regenerating range.
For a youthful make-up – think ‘less is more’!
Don’t be daunted by all the steps, I can throw this together in a mere 4-5 minutes…
After your morning ritual with Cleansing Cream, Facial Toner or Clarifying Toner and Day Cream begin…
1) Be careful with the use of Concealer under the eyes to disguise dark areas. Apply only to the inner corner and slightly blend out, we don’t want product sitting in lines. Attend to any other areas that need a little concealer too and blend out.
Bringing luminosity to the skin is your secret for uplifting the complexion.
2) Place some Translucent Make-up in your shade on the back of your hand, then also some Bronzing Fluid, mix the two together then apply all over your skin using fingertips or a foundation brush. We are preparing the ‘canvas’.
Don’t be tempted to apply foundation too thick as it’s likely to settle in any wrinkles.
Put the Colour back in!
Wear natural and organic, colour and care Dr. Hauschka Translucent Make-up as your foundation to even skin tone, protect and care for the skin. Then put the colour back in! Bronzing Powder and/or Blusher (Rouge) is a must. This is especially important as we get older as our skin can become rather pallid.
3) Apply Bronzer and/or Blusher
Tip: Easy way to apply our world wide top selling make-up item, Bronzing Powder, without all the sparkles BTW, is to use a Fan Brush and lightly run in down both sides of the face, then over forehead, tip of nose and chin. This way the subtle colour is applied in a sun kissed fashion. We also have available limited editions Cool Breeze Bronzing Palette for a Cool Toned Skin and Warm Breeze Bronzing Palette for a Warm Toned Skin.
Smile and apply, with Dr. Hauschka Rouge Brush to the ‘apples’ of the cheeks. No 80′s style cheek bone racing stripes!
Skin Tone and Blusher Tip:
It’s helpful to know if you’re a Warm Toned Skin or a Cool Toned Skin. So if silver jewellery suits you best it’s likely you’re Cool Toned and if gold jewellery suits you best you’re Warm Toned. I love gold but the fact of the matter is I suit silver best.
Cool Toned Skin choose: Rouge Powder Blushing Rose 03
4) ‘Set’ your make-up with Illuminating Powder, which gives a wonderfully subtle, but noticeable luminosity to your skin. You’ll notice in photographs as the light reflects back.
The eyes have it!
‘Must Have’ Tip: Get a magnifying mirror and set it up so when you’re doing your eye make-up you’re looking down into it.
5) Black Kajal Eye Pencil may look too harsh as we get older, although still fine for night time use, however for a day time make-up we prefer Anthracite (from the Anthracite/White Kajal Eye Pencil Duo) which is a soft black/charcoal, but not a grey. And keep the colour very soft on the lower lash line. All our Kajal Eye Pencils are best ‘set’ with our Eye Shadows.
6) Matte eye shadows are more flattering as we get older, so look no further than Eye Shadow Palette for a soft neutral taupe day time look or a deeper smoky eye for night time.
Eye Shadow tricks of the trade.
7) Keep it light in the natural valley beside your nose to bring your eyes out. Apply a little ivory there.
8) Always, always apply your darker contour colour in the direction of outer eye, towards inner eye. We have a tendency to apply in the other direction which may leave too much colour at the outer eye, dragging your eye down. And always apply with a good quality Eye Shadow Brush. Those sponge applicators are really only for quick touch-ups. Good tools for the job and all that!
Outer toward inner, the direction for applying contour colour, like so…
9) The eyebrows provide a frame for your eyes and your face. You’re bound to find a colour in the Eye Shadow Palette that will suit, apply with an angled brush, paying special attention to any gaps. Eye brow pencils are too harsh. If your eyebrow hairs don’t sit flat on the skin use a tiny amount of warmed Eye Contour Day Balm or Lip Balm to hold them close to the skin.
10) Apply Volumising Mascara and focus on top lashes, keeping things moving upward, not downward.
11) We like Liquid Liner Black placed super close to the upper lash line for night time enhancing and elegance.
Liquid Liner Tip: Apply over Liquid Liner over Kajal Eye Pencil Black, that way the straightness of your line is softened. Much more forgiving!
Lip Tip: Use Lip Liner over the entire lip area, don’t use as an outline. Applying as recommended helps prevent lipstick ‘bleeding’.
12) Deep red and hot pink looks fantastic when you’re younger, but usually as we age it’s much more flattering to soften lip colour.
However, where there’s a will there’s a way…
Use translucent Pink Topaz 16 for a softer translucent hot pink. ‘Dab’ Red Quartz or Warm Red, or use a minute amount of colour on a lip brush. Use these dark colours more as a ‘lip stain’ than a lipstick then apply soft shimmer over the top with Lip Balm, which is also an excellent product for softening lines around the lips.
Lip Tip: Darker shades thin down lips, something a bit shimmery gives the illusion of fuller lips.
If you still need depth of colour, think about using matte, and long lasting, Violet Marble for a cool toned skin. Then, at the cupid’s bow and mid bottom lip give more of a pout by applying something with more shimmer over the top, Rose Crystal 17 or Translucent Rose 07.
I like Soft Coral 01 for a Warm Toned Skin which has a bit of shimmer anyway.
Set your Lipstick Tip: After lippy application press a tissue across lips to remove excess colour, then dab on Illuminating Powder with the Powder Puff, then reapply Lipstick.
Everywhere we go we see products advertised as ‘natural’ and ‘organic’. There has also been a constant increase in the number of skin products using these descriptions. But actually very few are genuinely natural products, especially in their entirety. Learn how to distinguish between genuinely natural and conventional, ‘pseudo-natural’ products. The term ‘natural and/or organic skin care and make-up’ is not legally protected.
Every ingredient that goes into a Dr. Hauschka preparation has an important job to do.
Whether delivering essential moisture, encouraging resilience, improving efficacy or providing natural, nurturing fragrance, each ingredient is painstakingly selected for its particular effects and interaction with the others. Each ingredient is there for your skin, not for the sake of the formulation.
Dr. Hauschka manufacturer WALA has been working with nurturing plant and mineral extracts since the 1930’s. Their pharmaceutical and medicinal expertise joins over 45 years of pioneering work in holistic esthetics to create the purest, most effective natural skin care preparations available.
The source of each ingredient is almost equally as important.
The vast majority of ingredients in Dr. Hauschka products are grown biodynamically and organically, or ethically wild-harvested.
We only use natural botanical preservatives (without chemical additives) coupled with appropriate packaging to keep products fresh.
Not a single ingredient in any of our products comes from an organisation involved in animal testing.
In this way, we’re able to maintain the vitality of our biodynamic and organic plant ingredients, delivering their nurturing, supportive qualities directly to your skin.
Dr. Hauschka has been natural, organic, biodynamic (Demeter Certified) for over 45 years.
NATRUE certification ensures that a product has met the strongest criteria available for natural ingredients in skin care and make-up, as verified by an independent certifier.
NATRUE is a non-profit, international association founded by the pioneers of natural and organic cosmetics. Dr. Hauschka Skin Care manufacturer WALA is proud to recognise the NATRUE seal as a major advancement in establishing a natural and organic cosmetic certification that is internationally recognised, transparent and whose criteria is readily available to consumers worldwide. www.natrue.org
On this site you, as the customer, may look up any Dr. Hauschka product and have complete transparency. Each and every product undergoes a strict auditing process of the formulation every two years!
In addition, Dr.Hauschka preparations are certified natural by the BDIH, an association of German product manufacturers whose “Guidelines for Natural Cosmetics” are amongst the most selective available. Following comprehensive independent testing and verification, BDIH certification is awarded exclusively to products that are free of synthetic preservatives, fragrances, colours, dyes and petroleum derived synthetics. http://www.kontrollierte-naturkosmetik.de.
Why be a natural beauty?
Conventional skin products and make-up are full of synthetic ingredients: petrochemicals, silicones, compounds that do not exist in nature.
Is it necessary? Certainly not. Is there an alternative? Yes!
We believe in natural beauty because plants are truly amazing. We have all heard about their powers…
Flowers like roses and lavender are long famed for their beautifying and healing properties. The same is true for exotic plants like aloe vera but also everyday flowers like the calendula.
Natural ingredients interact with our skin. They protect it from free radical damage. They support its metabolism, cell renewal, capillary circulation. Nature has all the ingredients to hydrate, purify, detoxify and rejuvenate our skin.
Natural and organic skin care build on these powers. They are carefully balanced blends from plant extracts, essences, herbs and juices. And these ingredients are not drowned in a sea of chemicals. They are processed as little as possible to keep them pure and effective.
It is only logical. So why are most products not natural?
Because it takes a real effort to develop and produce them. It takes time, love, care and know-how.
It also takes huge planning efforts because one depends on the seasons and rhythms of nature: in winter you cannot buy a flower that only blooms in summer. You need to harvest the right amount at the right time.
Trust and respect
Because of it, you also need a reliable partnership with the people that cultivate the plants. Natural skin care companies pay a fair price. It´s a long term relationship. A partnership built on trust and respect.
In balance with nature
And producers of natural skin care share a deep respect for nature. They join forces with it, using its resources and maintaining them – not depleting them.
So, when using a natural product, you enhance your own beauty, you help maintain the beauty of our earth and you support people who work in harmony with nature.
Isn’t that beautiful?
A beginner’s guide to INCI
The law requires that the ingredients of a cosmetic product must be declared on the packaging or on a package insert using the INCI system. INCI stands for “International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients” and refers to the list of mandatory names to be used for cosmetics ingredients. Like food ingredients, the ingredients on the INCI list must be shown in descending order of the amounts present in the product – i.e. for each product the substance present in the largest quantity is named first and the smallest last.
The INCI will usually enable you to see whether a product really is natural or whether “natural” is just what it says on the box. While Dr.Hauschka Skin Care products usually also list the ingredients in the local language, with other brands it is not always so easy to decipher the INCI unless you are a chemist… But now you can use our checklist!
Conventional skin products … as a rule use mineral oil products such as paraffin oil (INCI: Paraffinum liquidum, ozokerite microcrystalline wax) or synthetic silicone oils (e.g. cyclomethicone, siloxane). In comparison with plant oils, paraffin and silicone oils are inexpensive, have a neutral fragrance and are not prone to oxidation. In higher concentrations, however, they form an occlusive coating on the skin and negatively affect natural skin processes.
Natural skin care … uses high-quality plant oils and oily extracts. These are readily absorbed by the skin and their caring properties are undisputed. Every oil comes with a multitude of ingredients such as unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins or flavonoids in a natural combination. These stabilise and nurture the skin – natural skin functions are given maximum support.
In brief: emulsifiers are necessary in the manufacture of creams and lotions to bind the aqueous (water) and fatty (oil) ingredients.
Conventional skin products … use mainly polyethylene glycols (INCI: abbreviated to “PEG”) as emulsifiers. These are inexpensive and easy to process. However, they are suspected of making the skin more porous to harmful substances.
Natural skin care … often use plant lecithin (INCI: lecithin). Glycerol fatty acid compounds (INCI: e.g. glyceryl stearate, glyceryl laurate) obtained from coconut oil are often used.
Fragrances & Colours
Conventional skin products … usually use synthetic chemical colourants (e.g. azo dyes) and synthetic fragrances which may have a very strong smell. In the list of ingredients, however, natural essential oils as well as synthetic chemical fragrances must be declared as “perfume”. The case is similar for colours: all colourants must be shown as a CI (Colour Index) number. The consumer cannot know from the abbreviations given in the declaration whether the colourant used is a mineral iron oxide (e.g. INCI: CI77491), for example, or a synthetic azo dye.
Natural skin care … use especially pure mineral pigments as colourants and use exclusively natural essential oils as fragrances. Obtaining the oils is a complicated and expensive business. Over 3,000 kg of rose petals are required to produce one litre of rose essential oil. Essential oils have many different qualities. The best known are those such as the relaxing effect of lavender oil and the invigorating effect of essential oil of rosemary, for example.
Conventional skin products … often use the tenside sodium lauryl sulfate (INCI) not only for shampoos and shower gels, but also for toothpaste. This substance is now regarded critically because of its potential for causing irritation.
Natural skin care… use mild, well-tolerated tensides whose manufacture is based on sustainable raw materials. Shampoos and shower gels contain usually contain sugar tensides (e.g. INCI: coco-glucoside). These do not lather quite as well as conventional tensides, however, remember surfactants do the cleaning, not bubbles!
Conventional skin products … use preservatives above all in water-based products. The best-known of these are the parabens (e.g. INCI: ethylparaben, but also much more aggressive preservatives such as chlorhexidine compounds or formaldehyde releasers such as diazolidinyl urea). Another common synthetic preservative is Phenoxyethanol.
Natural skin care … are allowed by the guidelines of the German industrial association BDIH for certified natural cosmetics to use certain nature-identical preservatives. In this case products must be labelled “preserved with … [name of preservative]”, however. Some cosmetics brands – including Dr.Hauschka Skin Care – avoid the use of preservatives entirely.
Conventional skin products … often use relatively neutral mineral oils and silicones as product bases, as well as primarily synthetic ‘designer ingredients’ which are supposed to serve a particular purpose such as skin firming, for example. But these raw materials may obstruct the natural processes of skin functions.
Natural skin care … use complex compositions of natural caring oils and waxes and – as further important components – plant extracts which are obtained with the aid of water, alcohol or oils. These are also used and advertised in many conventional products, but are often present in only small quantities. The INCI list of ingredients on the packaging usually shows the Latin name of the plant (e.g. Calendula Officinalis Extract, Rosa Damascena Extract etc.). Their many positive effects on the skin – for instance wound-healing properties – have long been known.
THREE QUESTIONS FOR HANS-JÖRG RÖSCH
As Safety Assessor for Dr.Hauschka products Hans-Jörg Rösch and his colleagues test every new formula for safety and tolerability. This includes consideration not only of regulatory requirements but also of scientific knowledge on the composition and actions of the ingredients used.
Are natural skin care products better tolerated than conventional cosmetics?
Intolerance of skin care and make-up products is strongly dependent on the individual predisposition of the user and can never be ruled out completely. Conventional cosmetics contain many synthetic chemical substances such as preservatives to which users often react with intolerance or sensitisation. Dr.Hauschka products do not contain such substances. The German cosmetics association IKW collects data on intolerances triggered by cosmetic products and subjects them to annual statistical evaluation. This has shown that Dr.Hauschka cosmetics cause considerably fewer intolerances than the German national average.
How do natural cosmetics manage without synthetic chemical preservatives?
We guarantee the stability of Dr.Hauschka cosmetics in various different ways, in the first instance the standard of hygiene during production is important. Ours is as high as that required for the manufacture of medicines. Furthermore raw materials undergo antimicrobial procedures – for example heat treatment. The type of packaging is also important, we pack many of our products in aluminium tubes or special packaging that offers better protection from air and microbial contamination. Our longstanding experience in developing skin care products also plays a large part. Our knowledge of the raw materials used and the ideal composition of the preparations is of crucial importance here. Of course the stability of our products has to meet the same criteria as conventional skin products.
How can consumers recognise genuinely natural skin care products?
Up to now there is no legal definition at the national or European levels and therefore there are no mandatory requirements relating to the composition of natural skin care and make-up. However, various associations do offer quality seals which make it possible for consumers to recognise certified natural skin care and make-up. In addition to the BDIH seal already established in Germany our products are also certified internationally by the International Natural & Organic Cosmetics Association NaTrue. Use of certified organic raw materials plays an important role for certification under NaTrue guidelines. Taking into account the percentage of the raw material used that is organically sourced emphasises the ecological responsibility of the manufacturing companies. WALA’s international cultivation projects (e.g. in Iran, Burkina Faso and Bulgaria) are models of environmentally friendly and socially responsible business practice.
The mighty Argan Tree, which can reach an age of 200 years, manages to combine both spectacles. This survival artist of the Moroccan desert produces fruit which is a delicacy for goats. Inside the fruit is a large nut about 3 cm in diameter. This in turn contains between one and three drop-shaped seeds or kernels which are smaller than sunflower seeds but rich in a valuable oil.
Argan Oil, Morocco’s liquid gold, 20 kg of kernels are required for one litre of oil.
A fine fragrant golden yellow oil is extracted from the kernels of the Argan Tree. The Berbers of Morocco have used it for centuries because of its unique properties which are said to be superior to those of olive oil. Its natural antioxidants are believed to have numerous positive effects on skin and health by destroying free radicals. The oil protects the skin from drying and makes it soft and supple, it is reputed to reduce wrinkles, improve brittle nails and dry hair and slow down skin ageing.
The Argan Tree is one of the oldest trees on earth. It is believed to have grown over 80 million years ago in south Morocco. The first written record is in the writings of the famous physician Ibn Al Baytar in the year 1219. Today Berber women still obtain argan oil by an ancient process. After the harvest from July to September the fruits are dried in the open air. A stone is then used to crack open the hard nuts and obtain the kernels. These are roasted over an open fire and ground to a pulp in a hand-driven stone mill. This is mixed with water to form a paste which the women then knead by hand to extract the argan oil. The dried fruit pulp and the press cake left after extraction of the oil are fed to cows and sheep. Because of its intensive use as forage for goats and camels and as firewood the argan tree population was over-exploited. Old trees died and no new trees grew to replace them, so that there was nothing left to prevent erosion. In 1998 the UNESCO declared the Argan Region, the Arganeraie, a biosphere reserve. Since 1995 the GTZ (German Association for Technical Cooperation), commissioned by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation, has been engaged in reforestation of the Argan woodlands. A subproject within the biosphere reserve are women’s cooperatives whose existence is based on the production and marketing of Argan Oil.