Macadamia

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Our ingredients

Each and every one of the ingredients in our products contributes to their overall effect. Careful thought goes into the selection and sourcing of the raw materials as well as the way in which the individual ingredients are combined to form complete Dr. Hauschka products. We also adhere to the highest quality standards.

This blog tells you more about the individual ingredient, Macadamia, where it comes from, why we use it and what functions it performs in our products.

Dr. Hauschka Foundation

The excellent skin compatibility of the intensively nurturing Foundation is based on a combination of quality natural substances. The rapidly absorbed macadamia nut oil gives the skin a protective finish. It smoothes the skin making it easier for the pigments to be applied evenly. By contrast, coconut oil is absorbed slowly into the skin and leaves a lovely silky feel. Pomegranate provides moisture and vitality and encourages skin regeneration. Shea butter helps the skin retain moisture and is protective. The result is a nurtured, even and radiant complexion.

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Raw material profile

It is considered the queen of nuts. In its subtropical home in Australia, the evergreen, sclerophyllous macadamia trees (Macadamia ternifolia) can reach heights of up to around 15 metres. Macadamia belongs to the original silver tree family (Proteaceae), the ancestors of which developed in the ancient continent of Gondwana (consisting of South America, Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Arabia, Madagascar, New Guinea and India) in the Precambrian Age. Today, the tree is grown in Australia and New Zealand, on Hawaii, in Israel and in various countries in Africa and South America.

The appearance of the trees is strongly influenced by genetic variants and growing methods. For example, for months, long panicles of white or pinky-purplish flowers, which can vary massively in numbers, grow on the trees. There can be up to 500 blossoms on each panicle. They bloom from top to bottom. In Australia, these blossoms are pollinated not only by insects; birds and marsupials are among the more extraordinary pollinators of the macadamia tree. As a rule, after around six months only three to five percent of them mature into macadamia nuts, which, incidentally, are not actually nuts. They are what are known as stone fruit, as are walnuts, for example. Stone fruit are surrounded by an unwooded fruit flesh, while in nuts, the fruit flesh is completely wooded to form the shell. The extremely hard shell of the macadamia nut is enclosed by a green fruit flesh.

Macadamia nuts are known and sought-after as a delicious, healthy snack. Macadamia nut oil contains simple unsaturated fatty acids, which can reduce blood cholesterol levels when consumed. These include plenty of palmitoleic acid, a fatty acid which is normally found in animal fatty tissue and which has a strong antioxidative effect. B-group vitamins and vitamin E add to the value of macadamia nut oil for nutrition and also for skin care.Screen Shot 2016-08-09 at 9.38.24 AM

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Origin, cultivation and processing

The fair-trade macadamia nuts for Dr. Hauschka Skin Care products come from the ‘macadamiafans’ certified organic small farmer project in Kenya. The growth conditions for the macadamia tree are perfect at the high altitudes around Mount Kenya National Park, where the trees are cultivated by small farmers. Despite the optimum conditions, it still takes around 15 years before the trees can be fully harvested, but they then last for decades. The nuts primarily ripen in the months from March to June. Straight after the harvest, the farmers remove the green outer shell. The nuts prepared in this way are then transported to decentralised manufacturing facilities for further processing. These largely employ the farmers’ family members. After a gentle drying process, the factory employees use specially developed manual nutcrackers to delicately remove the valuable cores from the protective shell, carefully sort them and then package them in a vacuum to prevent oxidation. It is a complicated process involving a lot of manual work, several stages of drying and short storage times, but it is worth it as a high percentage of the macadamia nuts remain undamaged.

With all this work, it is no wonder that macadamia nuts are the most expensive nuts in the world. Where it was previously often just the middle men making a profit, the macadamiafans project founded in 2009 gives the farmers and their families direct access to the export market. The project has its own traceability system where all steps are recorded digitally, from training and certification of the farmers, through purchasing, payment and processing to the finished product. Extensive training and a conversion to certified organic farming have given the farmers the opportunity to significantly increase their income. All of the profits from macadamiafans currently go into expanding the activities in Kenya so that more farmers can be offered a fair return on their products.

WALA buys the shelled nuts from macadamiafans and gets them pressed into oil in Germany. This requires real finesse from the people working at the oil mill. Macadamia nuts need the right amount of gentle warmth to separate the oil and oil cakes from one another. The valuable oil cakes go to organic bakeries in the area.

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macadamiafans cooperates with the WELT:KLASSE foundation. As part of supervised school projects, German schoolchildren sell the Kenyan macadamia nuts in Germany and can visit the farmers in Kenya.

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The flowers, ripening and ripe fruit can be found on the macadamia tree at the same time, which is a typical feature of tropical trees.

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The Aborigines value wild macadamia nuts as a source of protein and fat. One legend suggests that a cockatoo gave the nuts to the tribal boy Baphal when he was stuck in the mountain with an injured foot, thus saving his life. Since then, the nuts have been called Baphal nuts in the Aborigine language.

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Originally, macadamia nuts only grew in Australia. It is the only edible Australian plant which is farmed commercially.

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Dr. Hauschka Quality

  • Authentic natural and organic skin care and make-up, certified to NATRUE standards
  • Free from chemical/synthetic fragrances, dyes and preservatives
  • Free from mineral oils, parabens, silicone and PEGs
  • Dermatologically tested for sensitive skin
  • Wherever possible, all raw materials come from controlled organic or biodynamic (Demeter certified) cultivation and are recovered under fair conditions
  • We don’t test on animals, we test on happy to help out human volunteers

NATRUE

Thanks for reading our blog. xx

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